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Gum Surgery Istanbul Turkey

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What is Gum Surgery?

Surgical intervention may be required to eliminate some of the health problems experienced related to the gums. Due to the plaques that accumulate on the tooth surfaces, the formation of dental calculi and gum diseases may occur over time. If gum disease progresses, destruction of the bone structure that supports the tooth and, accordingly, tooth loss can be observed. The most effective way to prevent gum diseases that negatively affect overall health is not to disrupt routine dental examinations and regular cleaning of dental calculi. However, in case of bone destruction or gum disease, it may be possible to perform periodontal surgical procedures.

How is Gum Surgery Performed?

How gum surgery will be performed may vary depending on the current situation, discomfort and the degree of discomfort for each patient. The dentist first of all examines the patient in detail. If he decides that gum surgery is needed, he applies local anesthesia.

Depending on the condition to be treated during the operation, it may be necessary to make an incision in the gums, remove inflamed tissues and reshape them. Stitches are placed at the incision sites to complete the operation. After this procedure, the healing process of the gums begins. In order for this process to progress quickly and healthily, the medications prescribed by the doctor should be used regularly. The stitches in the gums are checked by removing them within the period determined by the dentist.

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In What Cases Is Gum Surgery Performed?

The surgical procedure used in the treatment of gum diseases is called gum surgery. If the tissues around the teeth become inflamed and damaged, and if these problems progress, gum surgery may need to be performed. There are several different conditions that require gum surgery to be performed.

As part of periodontology surgical procedures, gum tissues are typically rearranged and the gum shape can be fixed by improving its function. In this way, problems that may trigger oral hygiene problems are eliminated, the gums are restored to a suitable condition for providing long-term care, and it becomes easier to maintain oral health.

Surgical Periodontal Treatments

In advanced periodontal diseases, it may be necessary to apply surgical periodontal treatments. As part of surgical periodontal treatments, dental calculi in the deep pockets surrounding the teeth are cleaned and the pockets are eliminated. Creating a smooth and firm root surface also means providing patients with a gum surface where they can provide hygiene more easily. It is possible to treat gum retractions by repairing them with a free gum graft or connective tissue operations.

Flap Operation

A flap operation can be performed to provide the necessary plaque control by preventing the progression of periodontal diseases. The flap operation is performed under local anesthesia. After the area is numb, the inflamed tissues are cleaned by removing the gum so that the bone is exposed with the root surfaces. In addition, the root surfaces are flattened and the necessary corrections are made to the bone. Depending on the degree of damage to the bone, it may be possible to complete the procedure using a graft.

Flap operation is one of the most commonly performed periodontology surgical procedures. If harmful bacteria in the gum line where the gum and teeth meet are not cleaned and proper treatment is not applied, pain, tenderness and bleeding may develop along with inflammation of the tissues. In even more advanced cases, gum diseases can cause the loss of the bone structure that supports the tooth or various problems in the body.

Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty

These are the procedures that are brought up in case of thickening at the edges of the patient's gum. After local anesthesia is applied, the gum is given a physiological form, fibrotic gum growths are treated, and the morphology of the gum is corrected.

How Long Does Gum Surgery Take?

How long the gum surgery will take may vary depending on the type of surgical procedure to be performed and the size of the application area. In cases where a small procedure will be performed, gum surgery will be completed in a shorter time, while more extensive procedures may take up to a few hours.

What are the Risks of Gum Surgery?

Gum surgery can be defined as a surgical procedure aimed at restoring gum health that has deteriorated for various reasons and providing smile aesthetics. Gum surgery can be successfully completed as long as it is planned specifically for the patient, applied by specialists and experienced dentists in the field with the right techniques. On the other hand, the patient's general health condition, age and many other factors can trigger the risks associated with gum surgery, as with any surgical procedure.

It is possible to sort the risks of gum surgery as follows:

  • As after every surgical procedure, there is a risk of developing an infection after gum surgery.
  • Bleeding may occur in the mouth after gum surgery.
  • The risk of experiencing an allergic reaction may be raised in some patients.
  • It may be possible to open the stitches before the doctor's intervention.
  • In some cases, a second surgery may be necessary due to the inability to achieve full recovery.
  • Temporary taste and bad breath problems may occur.
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What Should Be Considered After Gum Surgery?

The postoperative process is of critical importance for gum surgery to be successful. In this context, many different points should be taken into account after gum surgery. The main elements to be considered after periodontal surgery can be listed as follows:

  • After the surgical procedure is completed, nothing should be eaten or drunk for about 2 hours until the numbness of the area passes.
  • Hot food and drinks should not be consumed during the first 24 hours after gum surgery, and the operation area should not be used during chewing.
  • Do not smoke for at least 3 weeks after gum surgery.
  • During the 2 weeks after gum surgery, it is recommended to use as little as possible if there is a prosthesis.
  • A pat can be placed on the surgical site to increase the patient's comfort and protect the wound area from irritation. Pat prevents pain, facilitates the wound healing process and helps to maintain the usual activities comfortably. 3, 7, 10 as the dentist deems appropriate. pat can be taken on days.
  • It is necessary not to lift the lip and cheek to see the stitches in the area where the gum surgery was performed, but also to avoid forced jaw movements such as laughing, yawning and excessive talking.
  • It is important to make an ice compress on the first day so that swelling does not occur at the surgical site or the swelling does not reach very serious dimensions.
  • Swelling may occur in the area after gum surgery. Usually, the swelling reaches its peak within the first 48 hours. It passes within an average of 7 to 10 days.
  • Movements such as sucking and spitting on the operation area should be avoided to cause bleeding at the operation site.
  • In order to have a fast and healthy recovery process after gum surgery, the medications prescribed by the dentist should be used regularly. In case of postoperative pain, the use of simple painkillers may be beneficial. On the other hand, aspirin or similar salicylic acid-derived drugs should be avoided.
  • Chills and weakness may occur on the first day after gum surgery. This is considered an extremely usual situation. Although patients can continue their daily activities during this period, they should stay away from exercises and activities that require excessive exertion.
  • After gum surgery, depending on the dentist's recommendation, the areas that have not been operated on can be brushed properly.
  • In order to ensure a good oral hygiene after surgery, the mouth should definitely be shaken after meals.
  • Dentist checks should not be interrupted to follow up the healing process.
Last Updated: May 7th, 2024
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nur dündar
25.08.2022

Dr. Kardelen and her assistant were very friendly, calm and understanding. Thank you very much.

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Gokhan Ergil
25.08.2022

The interest and relevance of our doctor Emre ÜNLÜ and Ms. Melis are amazing. My advice to those who are afraid, go to mosdent. Our doctor's hand is very light and at the same time relieves you of your fears like a psychologist.

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Emre Duru
22.08.2022

MR. Hakan and Ömer, we have known each other more than 25 years, they were my dentist when I was young and now they are my family’s dentist. While living in Turkey, Eastern Europe, Russia and now in America, anytime I needed , I took the first flight and visited them, they always found a time for us, took good care of us, did quick and perfect job, never needed to come back. Perfect customer service, great care and attention , full service , affordable prices and extremely qualified team. Recently another great service for my entire family. Always happy , and always recommending. Thank you MOS Dental team.

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Ekin Padak
18.08.2022

Doctor Gözde and Mr. Emre are very comfortable, very professionals, especially Ms. Melis is very caring and very sincere like a family member ???

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Salih Baki
12.08.2022

As Baki Family, we would like to thank the Doctors and staff, especially Ms. Melis, who did not miss the interest and relevance of all the staff in your hospital throughout the treatment.

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